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Wednesday, 12 October 2011

WHO - low cost solutions to reduce NCDs

WHO - low cost solutions to reduce NCDs
-"noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are killing nearly 80 per cent of the deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries," 
-it appears that there are affordable steps all governments can take to address noncommunicable diseases."
-cost of not taking any action threatens the global economic growth and development.
-over the next 15 years, NCDs will cost low- and middle-income countries' more than US$ 7 trillion,"
-"when so many of the workforce is sick and dies in their productive years, national economies lose billions of dollars in output and millions of families are pushed into poverty."
Some of the tactics recommended in the report include...
-excise taxes on alcohol and tobacco products,
-the promotion of smoke-free indoor environments,
-the reduction of available polyunsaturated dietary fats,
-public-awareness programs addressing issues of diet and exercise.
Strategies recommended at the scale of the individual
-Risk assessments for cardiovascular disease and diabetes,and the provision of related drug therapy if required,
-screening for cervical cancer,
-vaccination against hepatitis B, a leading cause of liver cancer.
The proposed measures are considered highly cost-effective (defined as not exceeding $0.50 per person per year). The implementation of such programs have already significantly reduced the burden of cardiovascular disease in 38 countries, according to the more